Makassar sometimes spelled Macassar, Mangkasara’ – is the provincial capital of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. It is the largest city on Sulawesi Island in terms of population number and the fifth largest city in Indonesia after Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, and Medan. From 1971 to 1999, the city was named Ujung Pandang, after a pre-colonial fort in the city, and the two names are often used interchangeably. The port city is located on the southwest coast of the island of Sulawesi, facing the Makassar Strait.
The city’s area is 19,926 square kilometers (7,693 sq mi) and it had a population of around 1.6 million in 2013. Its official metropolitan area, known as Mamminasata, covers an area of 2,473 square kilometers (955 sq mi) and had a population of around 2.5 million at the 2010 Census.